We all own it, lets fight for it!

Conservation of the environment

Natural resources form the backbone of many developing economies Uganda inclusive.
With the alarming ever increasing population of over 34.8 million people, this impacts negatively on the environment and its natural systems such as the biodiversity/ plants, animals, birds, human beings.
The development of human beings greatly depends on these systems and as a result a lot of efforts to preserve the environment are needed so as to preserve the entire planet earth.
According to the Millennium Developmental Goals (MDGS 2009), budget of the republic of Uganda, conservation of the Wetlands and all the eco systems was given a very important priority so as to achieve the goal of creating very conducive environment now and in the future.
And therefore, in order to achieve these goals there needs to be working partnerships between the government, civil societies, donor agencies, ministries, and individual efforts among community members need to be encouraged and to formulate laws that can govern and conserve the environment for the survival of the planet for future generations.

SO HOW CAN WE CONSERVE THE ENVIRONMENT?


Environment can be conserved in various ways, such as; tree planting, conservation of wetlands, harmonization of communities to co-exist with wildlife through eco-tourism, promoting energy saving technologies, promote soil conservation technologies and water conservation technologies. Soil conservation technologies include sustainable farming methods like crop rotation, mixed cropping, farrowing and agro-forestry among others then water conservation technologies include digging trenches in gardens to control soil erosion, water harvesting technologies like harvesting water from trees among others. These can be achieved by formulating bye-law and policies that promote conservation practices and these can be reinforced by formulation of advocacy policies that influence the community and also through community initiative programs to check up on bad conservation practices such as bush burning, poaching, over grazing which practices affect terrestrial life and also destroys the species of animals.
Most people wonder what needs to be conserved for the environment to stay safe, and often what is considered are trees, soil, land animals and we often forget the birds in the air and the aquatic life. So what needs to be conserved?
Animals and birds
The ecosystem contains both animals and birds and these on a large scale need to be conserved for the benefit of the environment. Birds have several species too just like plant life and these birds contribute to pollination which in turn supports plant life, the symbiotic relationships with animals (pest control) an example is cows and doves- egrets feed off ticks from cows which in turn saves the cows from the diseases caused by the ticks, they can also predict weather an example is doves which predict seasonal changes and they also are a source of income through tourism(bird watching) which is a common pass time for tourists and these therefore, form the backbone of the economies of which they exist.
Land systems and swamps
Wetlands are a natural habitat for some animals (micro- organisms like earth worms)- these add organic matter to the soil, they aerate soil and add nutrients back to the soil when they die, birds( crested cranes) – they contribute to tourism and control populations of snakes and rats which they feed on , wetlands are breeding grounds for fish (Mud fish and other type of fish breed from there) – these are sources of food for people around wetlands and plant life (Papyrus)- for making handicraft materials which are a source of income.
Conservation is not a one man’s responsibility; it is all our duty, the environment belongs to all of us, fight for what actually belongs to you.

Written by Adikini Fiona, Volunteer UWS; Edited by Anne Aine. UWS